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SUGAR MILLS' CHIMNEYS IN MAURITIUS

HomeBlogSugar Mills' Chimneys

Since sugarcane was introduced by Adriaan Van Der Stel in the early period of the Dutch colonization, precisely in 1639, nobody would imagine this plant would create such an immense impact until it turned out into a revolutionized industry for the next 300 years.

The first trial of producing sugar in Mauritius was in 1694, during Governor Roelof Deodati's mandate, with the help of Jan Bockelberg. It was in a small sugar mill in Flacq, situated on the edge of Rivière Céré. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in a flood. At that time, there was no exportation of sugar because sugarcane was mainly used to produce "Larak", a type of local rum, for the residents. However, When the French came, particularly in Mahé de Labourdonais's era, he built the first sugar mill to export sugar to develop the economy. The first sugar mill was at Grande Rosalie, also known as Villebague. It is the oldest commercial sugar mill in Mauritius, started in 1744 but operated some years later. The site is a National Heritage. Mahé de Labourdonais was a visionary governor. He believed in the development of Mauritius. His determination to do so was great. In the same period, he was also involved in another sugar mill project at Ferney.

Gradually, Mauritius knew a massive increase in sugar mills. There were more than 250 around the island. However, with time, due to economic and war issues in mainly European countries, the price of sugar has been constantly decreasing since the end of the 1880s. To face that problem, where the sugar industry was known for a fall, the process of centralization started occurring. In addition, cyclones and some types of insects affected largely sugarcane crops at many sugar estates, resulting in a drastic financial loss, leading to several shutdowns. We can say the sugar industry was nearly dead. Estates and lands were bought, regrouping many sugar mills to be under one central mill. The process of centralization decreased the number of sugar mills with time.

Why Only Chimneys?

A chimney is a remarkable structure in a sugar factory. It is the first thing you will notice even far away, as it is always the main attractive and noticeable component. The annexations of sugar estates have caused a lot of sugar factories to close down. Unfortunately, many of them have been destroyed too! Lands were sold for other economic and infrastructure developments. Some of the remaining sugar mills' buildings have been converted to something else. While many of those remaining old sugar factories do not have chimneys anymore, fortunately, several others have left their chimneys as a footprint of their existence and which this article is fully based on.

The Gallery

It is very important to note that all the images in the gallery below were shot in different weather conditions, using just a smartphone. Moreover, few of these chimneys are located in private areas where permission has been asked from the respective owners. Nevertheless, certain owners could not have been reached or have refused access, hence, the photos were shot far away outside their property. The gallery for chimneys has been classified according to the districts of Mauritius. Port-Louis is the only district where there is no remaining sugar mill chimney, so, it is excluded. The total number of sugar mills' chimneys in Mauritius is 110, including those which are still active!

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Pamplemousses District

There are currently 19 sugar mills' chimneys in the district of Pamplemousses. They are as follows:

Beau Plan

Beau Plan sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was founded in 1797 and shut down in 1998, annexed by Belle Vue Harel, also known as Terra today!

Belle Vue Mauricia Old

Belle Vue Mauricia Old sugar mill Mauritius image

Few information is available on this small sugar factory. It is believed, it was built around 1834 before Belle Vue Harel.

Belle Vue Pilot

Belle Vue Pilot sugar mill Mauritius image

Built-in 1842, it was also known as Bois Rouge. In 1925, it was annexed by Belle Vue Harel, which is Terra, nowadays.

Belle Vue Rivet

Belle Vue Rivet sugar mill Mauritius image

The foundation year is unknown, but around 1858, it was annexed by Bon Espoir, located in Pointe Aux Piments region.

Bonair

Bonair sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was constructed around 1851 and in 1925, it was taken by Solitude, located at the beginning of Triolet.

Elmina

Elmina sugar mill Mauritius image

In 1851, it was owned by Mrs. Valentin de Keating and in 1877, it was taken by L'Amitié, close to it, in Notre Dame region.

Constance

Constance sugar mill Mauritius image

No exact date when it was founded, but in 1832, Armand Esnouf owned it and closed in 1873, after being annexed by Beau Séjour.

Fairfund

Fairfund sugar mill Mauritius image

Located in the small village of Plaines Des Papayes, Fairfund was built between 1827 or 1828 and was demolished in 1876.

Grande Rosalie

Grande Rosalie sugar mill Mauritius image

The first commercial sugar mill built-in the 1740s by Mahé de Labourdonnais and others and was annexed by The Mount in 1921.

Mon Choix

Mon Choix sugar mill Mauritius image

A chimney located in the sugarcane field of Piton. In 1807, it was already existed then in 1874, it was annexed by Beau Séjour.

L'industrie

L'industrie sugar mill Mauritius image

Also known as Labourdonnais and Pieter Both, L'industrie was built in around 1840 and was annexed by Solitude in 1922.

L'espoir

L'espoir sugar mill Mauritius image

There were 2 chimneys before, one of them has been destroyed by the cyclone, Carol. L'espoir was in operation until 1868.

Mon Rocher

Mon Rocher sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was in existence in 1850. In 1905, it was taken by Nemours Harel and it was closed down around 1910.

Mont Choisy

Mont Choisy sugar mill Mauritius image

Built-in around 1820 and ceased in operation in 1875. Special thanks to Mont Choisy Golf & Beach Estate for the photoshoot.

Solitude

Solitude sugar mill Mauritius image

The first Solitude sugar mill was some kilometers away from the actual one. The actual Solitude was closed in 1986.

Belle Vue Harel (Terra)

Belle Vue Harel (Terra) sugar mill Mauritius image

The current company name is Terra and is still in operation. Belle Vue Harel was founded in 1838 by the Harel Brothers.

The Mount

The Mount sugar mill Mauritius image

The origin of the sugar mill was Petit Bois in 1795, then later changed to The Mount in 1834. It was shutdown down in 1994.

Sottise

Sottise sugar mill Mauritius image

It was built in between 1830 and 1837 by Alexandre Paillotte. The Sottise sugar mill continued to operate until 1879.

Clementine

Clementine sugar mill Mauritius image

It was also known as Maison Blanche. This sugar mill existed in 1828 and was annexed by Mon Rocher in 1890.

Rivière Du Rempart District

In the district of Rivière du Rempart, there are presently 22 sugar mills' chimneys.

Antoinette

Antoinette sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill existed in 1832. It is where the first Indian indentured laborers came to work. It was annexed by The Mount in 1938.

Beau Séjour

Beau Séjour sugar mill Mauritius image

It is among the oldest sugar factory locally. Founded in 1792, it operated until it was annexed by Mon Loisir in 1947.

Belle Vue Robillard

Belle Vue Robillard sugar mill Mauritius image

In the forest of Daruty, hides a sugar mill in the bushes, known as Belle Vue Robillard, built-in 1839 and was active until 1867.

Bon Espoir

Bon Espoir sugar mill Mauritius image

No exact date has been found in which year it was founded. In 1909, it became inactive and was bought by Nemours Harel in 1914.

Forbach

Forbach sugar mill Mauritius image

Joseph Staub founded Forbach sugar mill in 1818 and it became a main pillar in the North. In 1872, it was annexed by Labourdonnais.

Grand-Baie

Grand-Baie sugar mill Mauritius image

It is found in Pereybère in today's time. Grand-Baie was closed around 1871 and has been converted to an art gallery nowadays.

Réunion Maurel

Réunion Maurel sugar mill Mauritius image

The chimney is hidden among the bushes as shown in the picture above, Réunion Maurel sugar mill ceased to operate in 1875.

Ile D'ambre

Ile D'ambre sugar mill Mauritius image

It is situated in the village of Ile D'ambre, near Poudre D'Or and was also known as Les Mares. In 1921, it was demolished.

L'union Daruty

L'union Daruty sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was owned by Jean Rose Daruty and it is found near Daruty forest. In 1865, the sugar factory ceased to operate.

L'union Delcourt

L'union Delcourt sugar mill Mauritius image

It is the highest chimney in the North and was existed around 1830. L'union Delcourt was demolished in 1901.

L'amitié Desjardins

L'Amitié Desjardins sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar factory was constructed between 1821 and 1827. Edouard Desjardins acquired it in 1868 and it was active until 1889.

Labourdonnais

Labourdonnais sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was constructed around 1821 and the property was annexed by Belle Vue Harel (Terra) in 1960 after it was demolished.

Mapou

Mapou sugar mill Mauritius image

There is no proper information in which year it was founded but apparently, it was closed in 1874. It was owned by Eugene Leclezio.

Mare Sèche

Mare Sèche sugar mill Mauritius image

It is located near La Salette church and it is believed the sugar mill was built in 1823. It continued to operate until 1901.

Mon Loisir Rouillard

Mon Loisir Rouillard sugar mill Mauritius image

Close to Daruty forest, precisely where Endemika is, situates the sugar mill of Mon Loisir Rouillard which was closed in 1872.

Mon Loisir

Mon Loisir sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar factory is said to exist since 1820 and was closed in 2012. From that, all sugarcane of Mon Loisir goes to Terra.

Mon Songe

Mon Songe sugar mill Mauritius image

This sugar factory was first mentioned in 1838. It was bought by Beau Séjour SE Co Ltd in 1883 and closed down in 1900.

Petit Village

Petit Village sugar mill Mauritius image

It was built-in around 1820. Petit Village factory continued to be active until 1849 after being centralized by Saint Antoine.

Poudre D'Or

Poudre D'Or sugar mill Mauritius image

Owned by Hubert Martin and built-in around 1817. The sugar mill was among the oldest in the region and was closed around 1875.

Saint Antoine

Saint Antoine sugar mill Mauritius image

No exact date on when it was constructed but it was surely after 1820. In 1994, it ceased to operate and was annexed by Mon Loisir.

The Vale

The Vale sugar mill Mauritius image

Probably built at the end of the 1830s. The Vale sugar factory played an important role in that era and it was closed in 1880.

Goodlands

Goodlands sugar mill Mauritius image

Also known as Souvenir, the Goodlands sugar factory was constructed in 1840 and was later demolished around 1886.

Flacq District

Flacq district has 22 chimneys. The chimney of Alteo, has been renovated to a modern one. So, the old chimney does not exist anymore.

F.U.E.L (Alteo)

Alteo sugar mill Mauritius image

The origin goes back to 1816, L'Union was a sugar mill that later became L'Union Flacq, then F.U.E.L, and now known as Alteo.

Argy

Argy sugar mill Mauritius image

Argy was a popular sugar factory. There is a possibility it was built-in around 1827. In 1942, it was taken by Constance.

Beau Rivage

Beau Rivage sugar mill Mauritius image

Built in 1820, later demolished and displaced to Sans Souci, which became the Sans Souci sugar mill. It had 4 chimneys before!

Beau Champ

Beau Champ sugar mill Mauritius image

It is among the oldest sugar factory in Mauritius, the origin is from the 1780s. It was a big factory and closed down in 2014.

Belle Mare

Belle Mare sugar mill Mauritius image

A very beautiful place and popular for photoshoots. The Belle Mare sugar mill was created in 1822 and later closed in 1875.

Belle Rose

Belle Rose sugar mill Mauritius image

Near the beautiful village of Clemencia, situated the Belle Rose sugar mill which was built in 1851 and closed in 1890.

Beau Bois

Beau Bois sugar mill Mauritius image

Near Cascade Cresson region, situates the Beau Bois chimney, built-in 1831 and remained active until it was closed in 1906.

Grande Retraite

Grande Retraite sugar mill Mauritius image

No exact date on its origin. According to some scholars, it was founded at the beginning of the 19th century and closed in 1899.

L'étoile

L'étoile sugar mill Mauritius image

Among the owners was Louis de Ravenel, then William Hewetson. The sugar factory was built-in around 1844, closed in 1925.

L'unité

L'unité sugar mill Mauritius image

It is the tallest sugar mill chimney in Mauritius. The first name was Espoir, built-in 1820 and later ceased to operate in 1906.

La Gaité

La Gaité sugar mill Mauritius image

A sugar mill with 2 gorgeous chimneys. Probably built by Pierre Renaud in 1831. It was centralized by Constance in 1873.

La Lucie

La Lucie sugar mill Mauritius image

Also known as Mon Rocher ou Les Frères, little information is available on its origin. In 1900, it was annexed by Beau Champ.

Caroline

Caroline sugar mill Mauritius image

Just before Bel Air, there is a small village called Caroline which had a sugar mill, built-in 1831 and operated until 1890.

Constance Manès

Constance Manès sugar mill Mauritius image

On the road to Bonne Mère region, situates the tall chimney of Constance Manès, also known as Belle Vue, built in around 1831.

Mare Carée

Mare Carée sugar mill Mauritius image

The region is known as Belle Marre, the sugar mill located near the mountain of Fayence and shut down around 1860.

Petite Retraite

Petite Retraite sugar mill Mauritius image

There was already a sugar mill in 1820 and it was closed in 1904. Petite Retraite chimney is classified as National Heritage.

Providence

Providence sugar mill Mauritius image

In Poste de Flacq, there was a sugar mill called Providence, constructed in 1817 by J. Lemarie and demolished in 1885.

Sans Souci

Sans Souci sugar mill Mauritius image

The origin of Sans Souci goes back to Beau Rivage. Beau Rivage was displaced to Sans Souci. Sans Souci was closed in 1946.

Sebastopol

Sebastopol sugar mill Mauritius image

Constructed in 1856 and was known as Solitude, which later became Sebastopol. In 1891, Deep River annexed it.

Deep River

Deep River sugar mill Mauritius image

It was first mentioned in 1817 by August Blaize. Deep River continued to operate until it was annexed by Beau Champ in 1949.

Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria sugar mill Mauritius image

Owned by Bertrand Bonhomme in the 1820s, then Ernest Leclézio became the owner. It was then annexed by F.U.E.L in 1948.

Petite Victoria

Petite Victoria sugar mill Mauritius image

Located in Trou D'Eau Douce, built-in 1835 by the Montocchio Brothers and demolished in 1879.

Grand-Port District

There are 19 chimneys in the Grand-Port district. Omnicane, which is on La Baraque site has a modern chimney. The old La Baraque or Savannah chimney has been demolished.

Beau Vallon

Beau Vallon sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was first constructed in 1818 by the Rochecouste family, who owned also Riche-en-Eau. It operated until 1958.

Bonne Source

Bonne Source sugar mill Mauritius image

Originally known as Trou D'Eau and existed in 1849. In 1868, the name Bonne Source was taken and in 1883 it was demolished.

Deux Bras

Deux Bras sugar mill Mauritius image

Near Cascade Edouard situates a place called Deux Bras, which has a sugar factory before with 2 chimneys. It was active until 1944.

Ferney

Ferney sugar mill Mauritius image

It was the second sugar factory project carried by Mahé de Labourdonnais after Grande Rosalie. It ceased operation in 1968.

Gros Bois

Gros Bois sugar mill Mauritius image

In 1832, the property of Gros Bois had a sugar factory. It continued to operate until 1935, then later was annexed by La Baraque.

Joli Bois

Joli Bois sugar mill Mauritius image

On the main road to L'Escalier, situates the chimney of Joli Bois, which was constructed in 1855 and demolished in 1893.

Savinia

Savinia sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill existed at the beginning of the 1850s. The owner was Adelson Pierrot. In 1902, it was taken by La Baraque.

Saint Hubert

Saint Hubert sugar mill Mauritius image

The chimney of Saint Hubert is classified as a National Heritage. It was built in 1869 and ceased to operate in 1921.

Le Souffleur

Le Souffleur sugar mill Mauritius image

Le Souffleur or Joson was probably built at the beginning of the 1830s. It was annexed by Savinia between 1861 and 1864.

Les Mares

Les Mares sugar mill Mauritius image

Les Mares du Tabac was built between 1828 and 1831. It had also a distillery. Later, it was annexed by Mon Désert in 1868.

Mon Désert

Mon Désert sugar mill Mauritius image

It could be the sugar factory was constructed at the beginning of the 1850s by the Cloupet family, until it ceased its operation in 2007.

Mon Trésor

Mon Trésor sugar mill Mauritius image

Originated in 1841, it was owned by the Chauvin family and later by Albert Daruty de Grandpré. The site now hosts a stone crusher factory.

Union Vale

Union Vale sugar mill Mauritius image

The Union Vale was also called Mare du Tabac before. It was founded in the late 1830s. In 1910, it was taken by Mon Désert.

Virginia

Virginia sugar mill Mauritius image

Two beautiful chimneys located near Pont Naturel, founded around 1844 and were also called Eastwick Park. It was closed in 1886.

Mont Eulalia

Mont Eulalia sugar mill Mauritius image

Constructed in 1840, it was also called Mont Fernand. It continued to operate until it was annexed by Union Vale in 1862.

Omnicane

Omnicane sugar mill Mauritius image

Omnicane is a fully integrated flexi-factory at La Baraque, which was also called Savannah, Solitude, and Savinia.

Riche En Eau

Riche En Eau sugar mill Mauritius image

The current sugar mill site was built in 1890. after it was displaced from the first location near the house. It was closed in 2007.

Rivière La Chaux

Rivière La Chaux sugar mill Mauritius image

Known as Villeneuve, it situates near the Mahebourg museum, on the edge of River La Chaux. It was closed in 1867.

Union Park

Union Park sugar mill Mauritius image

It was named Lapeyrouse when it was built in 1856. Later in 1860, the name changed to Union Park. It operated until 1905.

Savanne District

There are 13 chimneys in the district of Savanne.

Bel Air Wilson

Bel Air Wilson sugar mill Mauritius image

Located near Bénares but precisely close to the Senneville coast, the Bel Air Wilson was founded in 1804 and closed in 1927.

Bel Air

Bel Air sugar mill Mauritius image

Near the village of Riambel, situated the sugar mill of Bel Air, owned by Loustau since 1840 and sold in 1876.

Bénares

Bénares sugar mill Mauritius image

The actual Bénares was relocated in 1863 from the first site which was near the Château de Bénares. It was closed in 1968.

Fontenelle

Fontenelle sugar mill Mauritius image

Near Rochester Falls track, there was a sugar mill named Fontenelle, constructed around 1850 and demolished in 1904.

Fréderica

Fréderica sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill was also called Saint Joseph. Fréderica was constructed around 1855 and operated until 1874.

L'union Saint Aubin

L'union Saint Aubin sugar mill Mauritius image

The Fontenay family founded L'Union Saint-Aubin in 1848. It was an important sugar factory for years. It was closed in 2010.

L'union Saint Félix

L'union Saint Félix sugar mill Mauritius image

The first name was Union and originated before 1831. The name changed in 1914 to Saint-Félix. It ceased its operation in 2007.

Savannah

Savannah sugar mill Mauritius image

On the main road to Bénares or to L'Escalier, situated Savannah, a sugar factory which was annexed by La Baraque in 1949.

Saint Aubin

Saint Aubin sugar mill Mauritius image

It was Henri Pitot who constructed Saint Aubin around the year 1818. And in 1944, it was annexed by L'Union Saint-Aubin.

Saint Avold

Saint Avold sugar mill Mauritius image

The origin of the sugar mill of Saint Avold, can be traced back to 1856. In 1905, the property was sold to Anglo Ceylon.

Terracine

Terracine sugar mill Mauritius image

Constructed by Michel Geffroy between 1815 and 1822, Terracine operated for many years until annexed by L'Union Saint-Aubin in 1947.

Surinam

Surinam sugar mill Mauritius image

There is a possibility it was built by Janvier Monneron in 1817. In 1886, it was annexed by L'Union Saint-Félix.

Britannia

Britannia sugar mill Mauritius image

The origin of Britannia goes back to the end of the 1790s, which was known as Constance. In 2002, Britannia was closed!

Black River District

A total of 7 sugar mills' chimneys exist in the Black River district. The old Médine chimney does not exist anymore. It has been replaced by a modern one.

Albion

Albion sugar mill Mauritius image

The sugar mill of Albion existed at the beginning of the 1850s. It operated until 1906 and was acquired by Médine in 1937.

Belle Isle

Belle Isle sugar mill Mauritius image

Henri Viader built the sugar mill in 1851. It was demolished in 1890. Today, the land has been divided into residential properties.

Chamarel

Chamarel sugar mill Mauritius image

According to some texts, it was constructed in 1860 by Amédée Perrot. It was closed in 1897 due to transportation and financial issues.

Gros Cailloux

Gros Cailloux sugar mill Mauritius image

Constructed in the 18th century by Pierre St Aubin. It was bought by Albion in 1882 and was demolished in the same year.

L'Amitié

L'Amitié sugar mill Mauritius image

Also known as Saint Sauveur, the L'Amitié sugar mill was owned by Louis Saintou in 1857 and was closed in 1868.

Médine

Médine sugar mill Mauritius image

Originated in 1851, the Médine was the biggest sugar mill in the West, and in 2019, it was closed due to financial loss.

Anna

Anna sugar mill Mauritius image

The chimney has been restored. So, in the picture above, it is not the original. It was built in 1847 and closed in 1870.

Moka District

In Moka district, there are 5 chimneys.

Alma

Alma sugar mill Mauritius image

Commonly known as Champ D'Or, it was built in 1854. In 1947, it was annexed by Mon Désert, which became Mon Désert Alma.

Côte D'Or

Côte D'Or sugar mill Mauritius image

The origin of the sugar factory was in the year 1855 and it was owned by Desvaux. It was annexed by Highlands in 1936.

Midlands

Midlands sugar mill Mauritius image

In 1871, the sugar mill was founded by James Curie together with Robert Stein, Henry Adam, and John Fraser. It was closed in 1901.

Minissy

Minissy sugar mill Mauritius image

No exact date when it was built but around 1786, there was already a sugar factory on the land. Minissy was closed in 1917.

Mon Désert Alma

Mon Désert Alma sugar mill Mauritius image

Built by Martial Noel in 1827. It was known as just Mon Désert and the Alma was added after it annexed Alma. It was closed in 2007.

Plaines Wilhems District

And finally, only 3 chimneys exist in Plaines-Wilhems district.

Bagatelle

Bagatelle sugar mill Mauritius image

Based on some documents, it was built in 1847. A fire broke out in 1940 and the sugar mill was badly affected, leading to its closure.

Bonne Terre

Bonne Terre sugar mill Mauritius image

We can trace this sugar mill back to 1839. It was annexed by Clairfonds in 1876. Since that, a convent was founded on the property.

Trianon

Trianon sugar mill Mauritius image

In 1803, it was built by Martin Moncamp. In 1957, it was closed. Today, Margarine Industries is located on the same site.

List Of Sugar Estates With No Chimneys Anymore

Here is a list of sugar estates that still exist but do not have their respective chimney anymore. These buildings have been converted into garages, offices, or others or simply abandoned. They are namely:

Haute Rive, Bras D'Eau, Schoenfield, Stanley, La Laura, Belle Rive Windmill, Roche Terre Windmill, Belle Vue Hannong Windmill, Belle Vue Maurel, California, Constance (La Gaité), Belle Roche (Quatres-Cocos), Bel Etang, Bel Ombre, Belle Rive, Réunion, Rose Belle and Chébel.

History Should Not Be Forgotten

This project is not only personal! It is also for future generations to know more about the different sugar factories we had. At the time this post was published, we have only 3 sugar companies on our island: Terra, Omnicane and Alteo. Just imagine from more than 250 to 3 now. It is no doubt true this industry will disappear in the coming years. Hence, on the historical side, it was important to gather this collection so that the population can be aware and history should not be forgotten. Historians, students, and the general public are free and most welcome to consult the gallery for educational purposes.

Message From The Author...

My name is Ali J and I was born in the village of Labourdonnais Sugar Estates in 1989. My father used to work for Belle Vue Harel. He worked for more than 30 years until 2005. A few of my other family members worked there as well. The sugar industry has always been a passion to me. During harvest, I could hear the machines, the trucks, I could see the laborers in the fields, and watching them was a pleasure. I left Labourdonnais in 1999 to live somewhere else but still today, I am attached to this village and I go there quite often. Everything has changed now. There was a time when I felt I need to contribute to this industry in any aspect, thus I decided to collect all the remaining sugar mills' chimneys as a collection and share them with the world.

I sincerely hope you have appreciated this gallery. These sugar mills do not exist anymore but they left a special memory through these chimneys. Imagine for a moment how difficult the working conditions were for the slaves and indentured laborers, as well as our friends or family members years ago. History needs to be felt, not just heard or read!

In case you need a picture in large resolution for your educational project, book, or as reference or if you have found a mistake in this article, please contact me.

Share this work to everyone...

References

It was not that easy to research on past sugar mills. Thankfully, these books and tools helped me tremendously:

André Rouillard (Album - Usines Sucrières de L'Île Maurice).
Guy Rouillard (Histoire des domaines Sucriers de l'Ile Maurice).
Jean Marie Chelin (TABLISMAN - Histoire de l'industrie sucrière de l'Ile Maurice).
Allister MacMillan (MAURITIUS: Illlustrated - Historical and descriptive commercial and industrial facts, figures and resources).
Alexander Descubes (The Island Of Mauritius Map 1880).
Google Earth and Google Map.

Special Thanks

And also I thank those who helped me directly and indirectly:

Terra, Mont Choisy Golf & Beach Estate, Le Domaine de Saint Aubin, Honee G, Treshma Coorjee V, Ashwin K C, Ritesh B, Shenaz N and the general public who contributed to help...

AUTHOR: Ali J (Administrator)
PUBLISHED DATE: March 8, 2021
LAST UPDATED: September 2, 2021


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